Key Terms

TREE FELLING

Where space allows, the tree is felled in a single section using various techniques to control the direction of fall. When space allows, this is the standard method of tree removal.

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FRUIT TREE PRUNING

Pruning of fruit trees in order to stimulate efficient fruit production. The method and timing of pruning vary between species. It is always intended to be carried out annually as part of an ongoing management programme.

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STUMP GRINDING

During normal tree felling or dismantling, the main stump of the tree will be left in the ground and cut off as close to soil level as possible without further digging. During stump grinding, the stump will be ground into chips with a specialised machine to a maximum depth of 300mm below the existing soil […]

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HAZARD TREE REMOVAL

In extreme circumstances, where the tree is in such a location or condition to make normal techniques for its removal unsuitable, advanced methods are utilised. These include, amongst others, tree removal using Cranes or Mobile Elevated Platforms.

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TREE DISMANTLING

Where tree felling is not an option due to confined space or other considerations, the tree is dismantled in sections. This operation involves numerous techniques including the use of ropes and rigging techniques to control the lowering of the removed sections.

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NATURAL TRIM

Where space allows, the tree is felled in a single section using various techniques to control the direction of fall. When space allows, this is the standard method of tree removal.

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FORMAL CLIP/SHAPE

The formal shaping of evergreens and certain species of shrubs. The exterior branches are clipped back by an appropriate amount to leave a formal shape. Interior wood is not removed.

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PRUNING OVERHANGING BRANCHES

Branches will be removed or pruned back to suitable replacements as specified. Overhead service wires will be cleared by at least 1m, walls by 2m and branches over buildings given at least 3m clearance, unless otherwise specified.

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CROWN LIFTING

Pruning to remove the lowest branches which effectively increases the height of the main crown above the ground level. All the remaining branches will normally be above the height specified.

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CROWN REDUCTION

Pruning to reduce the crown size in all directions to leave a balanced crown structure. It is a complete crown treatment and not just a reduction in height with no regard for the side branches. It is normally specified by the amount, in metres, that the crown is to be reduced by.

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